An Essential List of Power Tools–Everyone Should Know


Power tools are operated by an additional source of power instead of manual handling. There are different types of power tools and they’re activated through the various processes.

A most common process of a power tool is an electric motor base. Other power tools are powered by compressed air, a steam engine, hydro-power, etc. There are a very few power tools generated power through gasoline; however, it’s a very rare source and usually applied in garden tools.

In this extensive informative guide, we provider power tools names with pictures so that you can identify them easily.

Let’s drive into it,

The List of Power Tools with Their Uses

1. Air Compressor

Air Compressor

An air compressor is a great device for converting power (either electric or diesel or gasoline) into energy that is stored under pressure. Usually, a hose joined with the tank and you attach your pneumatic tool to the other end. As you use the air compressor, it starts to discharge the compressed air as energy in the storage container until the maximum limits are achieved. As soon as it reached the limits, the air compressor turns off automatically. However, they come in varying sizes and shapes. Also, they come with 2 options as either stationary or portable.

Used For:

  • Filing gas cylinders and tires
  • Spray painting
  • Sanding
  • Power up pneumatic tools
  • DIY auto repairs

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2. Cordless Drill

Cordless Drill

A cordless drill emphasizes a great convenience of freedom from a power cord. Meaning no power cord trip over or moving around you. This power drill comes with rechargeable batteries and it’s the most common tool in any garage, construction site or workshop.

Truly, it’s one of the first power tools everyone should have. These drills have a chuck on the top which you can easily unscrew and insert any drill bit and screwdriver you need. Usually, these bits are very common although you can buy adapters to use paint mixers or sockets as well. There is a switch to change the direction of drill spins. However, most cordless drills have a ring and just a simple turn you can balance the torque.

Used For:

  • Assembling things
  • The drill works into metal, concrete, plastic or wood
  • Driving screws
  • Mixing paints
  • Twisting and untwisting cables
  • DIY works

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3. Hammer Drill

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Sometimes a hammer drill is referred to as a conflict drill. This tool placed its name in the power tool category in place of its drilling ability in hard materials. Also known as rotary hammers or hammering drills, this machine gives your workflow a rapid hammering push that requires faster and efficient drilling with less physical effort.

Compare to the traditional drill, hammer drills can work quicker-meaning it can punch more perfectly and powerfully. Your perfection won’t essential if you’re doing it by hand, but sometimes we require some simple and ease in our work, especially in tight spaces and controlled environments. Above all the best part is, all these can acquire with a small amount of time.

Used For:

  • Drilling holes into concrete, masonry, and stone
  •  Often drill holes into a concrete footing

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4. Impact Driver

Impact Driver

While looking around for tools to apply extra force in your work, an impact driver can be one suggestion. It’s much like a cordless drill but works like hammer for brute force to get your works done.

An impact driver is a common name for workers to ensure powerful and full-throttled action. Compare to the cordless drills, this tool is much smaller and lighter. This tool gives us both a downward and rational force that helps to loosen nuts and screws. However, this tool is covered with an outer sleeve which is quite heavy enclosed with a splined inner interior that is curved to make the downward action we require to start turning a bit joined to it.

In a sense, it’s quite opposite of the hammer drill. The hammer drill performs only in and out motion while impact driver can spin meaning required force for a specific object.

Used For:

  • Loosen or tighten nuts, bolts, and screws
  •  Using twisting force for effortless work

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5. Impact Wrench

Impact Wrench

An impact wrench also called an air wrench, torque gun, air gun, air impactor, and many more. These tools act like high-powered socket wrenches. It’s designed to provide you a high amount of torque using minimal exertion by the user. The energy of these impact wrenches is stored in a rotation mass. Depending on the user requirements, it’s produced and applied to the output staff.

Typically, the power of these wrenches comes from compressed air, but there are some models powered by electric and hydraulic as well. Nowadays, the portable, cordless, and hand-held impact wrenches powered by electric models are very popular.

They’re fantastic for opening nuts and bolts that are quite hard to turn. So, you can enrich your collection by putting this power tool in your toolbox.

Used For:

  • Open hard bolts
  • Feasting screws and nuts
  • Removing stubborn screw head

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6. Palm Sander

Palm Sander

A palm Sander is just like what it sounds. It’s very easy to manage, lightweight, and very importantly quite in operation. Often this tool also called sheet sander as they use ¼ inch sheet for sanding. However, they’re designed to use for small-medium type works, for instance, final-finishing task, etc.

Whatever you want to sand, just choose the grit of sandpaper and attach it carefully to the sander. In this tool, there is a slot to insert the sandpaper which used to tighten it down as well.

Some newest collection of palm sander use hook and loop type sheets. These sheets are very simple to use, just peel it and stick it to the sander. Once it securely set, just turns it on and enjoys sanding.

Used For:

  • Suitable for Finishing work
  • Ideal for removing stains and paints
  • Good for preparing a metal surface for paints.

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7. Disc Sander

Disc Sander

A disc sander is a type of sander that is consisting of a replaceable circular shape sandpaper wheel. The sandpaper is attached to the wheel that is generated by the compressed air or an electric motor. As they known as stationary machines so your sander is spinning in place. That means they offer you great control in straight surfaces, rounding edges and many more. Using this disc sander you can shape down various types of materials including metal, wood, soft plastic, and other soft materials as well.

Some new portable, hand-held disc sanders are available in the market that works completely opposite to the fixed ones. This will allow you to control the full machine over the material.

Used For:

  • Efficient for smoothening the surfaces

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8. Random Orbital Sander

Random Orbital Sander

A random orbital sander is a portable power tool used for finishing and sanding wood. As the name suggests, this sander is circular in shape and travels in a rotating motion.

The sanding disc spins simultaneously in small circles and that’s how it creates patterns. Meaning there won’t any swirl marks leave while the sanders move the same path twice during its rotation. Commonly, this tool generated power by the high-speed electric motor. As compared to the belt sander or manual sander, this tool leaves minimal marks.

Used For:

  • Great for hard-to-reach corners
  • Can reach tight spaces
  • Preparing surface for sealing and painting
  • Removing paint layers

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9. Circular Saw

Circular Saw

Circular saws are known by their abrasive, sharp-toothed disc or blade to cut materials using rotary (round) motion. No need to worry about safety issues as a frame surrounds the sides and top of the saw for user protection. The bottom part of the saw has left the covering for cutting purposes. However, the depth of the blade can be adjustable according to the material.

With this power tool, you can quickly and easily replace the saw for the particular task you’re doing. Once you get started using this too, it’ll not disappoint you at all.

Used For:

  • Can cut plastic, wood, masonry, and metal
  • Great for straight cut
  • Ideal for dice wood

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10. Chain Saw

Chain Saw

A chainsaw is a common device and used by lumbers and woodworkers for cutting down trees and logs. Technically, these saws come with rotating teeth attached to a chain that revolves on a guide bar. It is powered by a cylinder engine with a battery pack or gasoline. They are portable, hand-held devices so you can easily take to the job sites.

However, these tools require a little bit of maintenance and of course, precaution is a must. You can cut anything with these tools especially large and thicker materials you can’t cut by hand. Even you can cut concrete and stone with the chainsaw as well.

Used For:

  • Cutting down trees
  • Felling, limbing, pruning
  • Conveniently cut concrete, stone, and brick wall

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11. Band Saw

Band Saw

A band saw is consisting of a steel band with a lengthy, sharp, toothed blade that is stretched between wheels utilized for cut materials. This essential power tool is principally used in metalworking, woodworking, and lumber works.

An advantage of this band saw is its continuous cutting action and the result is smoother cut. Even they can make irregular shapes in curved patterns similar to a jigsaw.

Despite its artistic and accurate crosscut features, this saw is also very handy when cutting lumber into small pieces. For this reason, this band saw is the most popular power tool in a lumber mill.

Used For:

  • Resawing wood
  • Most used residential garage or workshop
  • Bent lamination

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12. Table Saw

Table Saw

When your projects demand extreme cuts, crosscuts or want to saw through tough materials, a table saw is the best choice. As the name suggests, the table saw is attached to a table with a circular saw pointing through the slot. So, whatever you want to cut or trimmed down, it allows you to easily be a glide. Generally, this tool is produced its main power from an electric motor. However, some may drive with gears, belts or even directly.

The best part about this tool is you can adjust the saw by moving up and down depending on how much you saw required. Strictly advice for horizontal and vertical cuts, especially for deeper cuts that are too tough for hand-held.

Traditional table saws lack the portability feature, while benchtop table saws are portable and can be taken to the worksites. This form of table saws are large but comes with wheels so you can roll it around to your home to shop.

Used For:

  • Primarily used for a cross cut or rip cut
  • Deeper cut
  • Great for sawmills

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13. Miter Saw

Miter Saw

Miter saw is a useful power tool designed for making accurate crosscuts at desire angles. Also known as “drop saw” or “compound saw”. This type of saw is useful for cutting, mounting, and molding. As it consists of great features so it can be said that it’s makes your work easier and save your time as well. Some standard models blades are ranging from 8-12 inches. However, you can found model with 14-inches blades as well.

Miter saws can be found in 3 different types. Each of these comes with their tilting abilities, depending on users’ demands. The 3 types include:

  • Compound miter saw
  • Double compound miter saw
  • Sliding miter saw

The compound miter saw’s blade can turn only single right and left while double compound miter saw can turn double and makes it more flexible. The sliding one comes in circular arms so it makes it easy to move the saw to and fro for the lengthier cut.

Used For:

  • Door  & picture frame
  • Cutting Trim
  • Window casting
  • Crown molding

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14. Jig Saw

Jig Saw

A jigsaw is an impactful, yet handy power tool that utilizes for cutting wood in versatile shapes. It’s known as “bayonet saw” or “sabre saw” as well. While most of the saws are well-known for straight-line cuts, with jigsaw you can do most complicate and delicate patterns and shapes.

The dictionary narrates jigsaw as a handy power device that embedded with a reciprocating blade. This handheld device has a motor on the top and the saw blade on the bottom. According to the material, the motor can move the blade ups and down. So, you can control the blade pretty well about 45 degrees of angles at a time.

No wonder the jigsaw is one of the safest power tools on the market. The reason is the blade either in or under the materials when your hands are on the top, so you stand on the safest side. Even though careful observation is recommended for children, it’s safe for any age to use.

Used For:

  • Cut difficult shapes in wood and metal
  • Even do great in tile, aluminum, fiberglass, drywall, etc.
  • Best use in home appliances

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15. Reciprocating Saw

Reciprocating Saw

Reciprocating Saw is a kind of machine power saw utilized in demolition and construction work. They also refer to hognose or Sawzall. Using a push and pull method, these saws are achieved its cutting action.

They have a handle in the back with a blade that is attached out the front. The blade much resembles like jigsaw blades since they’re large & toothed and made for rough cutting.

According to the saws speed and power, a variety of designs is available on the market. Designs vary from minimal power to the handheld models. Most of the models have variable speeds to produce you more control and versatility over what you’re cutting.

Used For:

  • Great for construction workers
  • Window fitters
  • Emergency rescue services

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16. Oscillating Tool

Oscillating Tool

An oscillating tool is one of the versatile power tools you will ever come across. It also refers to oscillating multi-tool. Using the term “multi” means it covers a broad range of areas. Thanks to the countless interchangeable accessories, these compact tools are great for doing a large range of home projects and applications.

The body of the oscillating tool is much like grinder since it has an oscillating attachment at the end which can be changed according to the job needs. Often it’s resemblance like the sibling of reciprocating saw. The reciprocating saw can handle only cutting while the oscillating tool can grinding, scarping, removing grout along with cutting.

A lot of brands come with 100+ packages to open numerous possibilities. No wonder they’re super easy to move with.

Used For:

  • Sanding wood
  • Removing paints
  • Trimming door covers

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17. Biscuit Joiner

Biscuit Joiner

A biscuit joiner is one of the useful woodworking power tools to “joining” two pieces of wood together. Most often it’s also labeled as a plate joiner. They utilize a tiny-sized rotatory saw blade to cut a crescent-shaped hole or mouth in the side of edges of double pieces of wood you want to join. The oval shape, dried, and compressed biscuit joiner is then covered with glue. After applying glue into the slot, place them in a required position. In the end, two plates get clamped together to make a perfect bond.

Used For:

  • Join common materials like medium-density fiber, plywood, and particleboard
  • Even can use in solid wood
  • Replaceable some tenon and mortise joints

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18. Angle Grinder

Angle Grinder

An angle grinder is a handheld power tool for cutting and grinding through various kinds of surfaces including tile, steel, even mortar. In the meantime, they can polish different metal and non-metal objects as well. Often this portable power tool is labeled as a side grinder or disc grinder. They’re powered by compressed air, a petrol engine or either an electric motor.

The term “angle” used here due to its geared head can be mounted at right-angle or 90-degree on a reusable disc. Commonly they have a side handle that makes it easy to get into tight spaces. Both corded and cordless models are available in the market.

Used For:

  • Eliminates surplus from stone or metal surfaces
  • Smoother rough edges

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19. Rotary Tool

Rotary Tool

A rotary tool is one of the versatile tools designed for smaller projects. They’re offering a huge attachment package to perform a good number of tasks. Even some brands offer 100+ accessories package at a time. This portable power tool comes with a rotary tip that spins at a high rate.

Being a compact and cordless device, this tool offers users an attractive alternative to the bulkier tool. However, this little power bank packed into a small storage case which is very useful for a wide range of tool realm.

Used For:

  • Sanding down bevels
  • Polishing metal surface
  • Make beautiful carving
  • Removes rust
  • Sharpe scissors, knives, and more

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20. Nail Gun

Nail Gun

Nail gun– the name itself explains its job. A nail gun is a tool that used to drive nails into wood or other surfaces. Sometimes it’s also called framing nailer or nail finisher.

Depending on the gun, the nails come in reels or strips which used to put inside the gun itself. Typically, this tool is operated by electricity or compressed air, or flammable gas. However, most of the time manufacturer attached a guide with it so that you can know how you can use it.

Used For:

  • Construction like roofing, framing
  • Carpentry like making cabinet
  • Any home-based work

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Final Thought

The above list of power tools shows you an impressive amount of work that can be performed with these tools. You can do the same traditional works faster, efficient, and smart way. However, they will save your money, time, and physical labor as well.

Even though you can do such projects with standard tools, if you search for efficiency, acquire power tools is the best option.

Check our list of different types of power tools and discover them. Now, it’s time to pick the perfect one to make your life easier.

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